Francis Stainthorp (1765-1822), weaver of Hutton Rudby

Posted on May 20th, 2014 by Paul Stainthorp
Thumbnail photo of my children with the grave of their six-greats grandparents

Thumbnail photo of my children with the grave of their six-greats grandparents.
Copyright © Paul Stainthorp, all rights reserved

My great-great-great-great-great grandfather (i.e. five greats) Francis Stainthorp (1765-1822) and five-greats grandmother Hannah née Waring (1768-1836) are buried in the churchyard of All Saints Church, Rudby-in-Cleveland, in the north-east corner of the North Riding of Yorkshire, about nine miles south of Middlesbrough.

My Stainthorp ancestors lived in the adjoining village of Hutton Rudby from at least the early 1600s until c.1890. Our surname derives from the former market town of Staindrop, across the River Tees from Hutton, in County Durham. The placename matches Old Norse steinn + þorp meaning the ‘stony’ settlement or farmstead, or one belonging to a Dane named Steinn, but is probably a Scandinavianization of an underlying Old English placename stǣner (‘stony’) + hop (‘valley’). Staindrop is spelt Stainthorp or -thorpe on some pre-nineteenth-century maps and gazetteers. The manorial district around the village was anciently known as Staindropshire. A Gilbert de Steyndrope, goldsmith and sheriff, was recorded in London in 1346.

The market town of Stainthorp (Staindrop), in “A Map of the BISHOPRICK of DURHAM North from London” by T. Badeslade and W.H. Toms, 1741.

The market town of Stainthorp (Staindrop), in “A Map of the BISHOPRICK of DURHAM North from London” by T. Badeslade and W.H. Toms, 1741.

The local history society in Hutton Rudby have transcribed the parish records for All Saints: despite dozens of Stainthorp burials recorded in Rudby over two centuries, Francis’s is the only one of my ancestor’s graves marked with a headstone. The memorial inscription is very well preserved and reads:

The headstone of linen weaver Francis Stainthorp (1765-1822) and his wives Jane née Kendale (1764-1795) and Hannah née Waring (1768-1836). All Saints, Rudby

The headstone of linen weaver Francis Stainthorp (1765-1822) and his wives Jane née Kendale (1764-1795) and Hannah née Waring (1768-1836). All Saints, Rudby. Copyright © Paul Stainthorp, and licensed for reuse under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales License

“Sacred
TO THE MEMORY OF
FRANCIS STAINTHORP,
who died July the 19th, 1822;
Aged 57 Years.
ALSO
JANE his First Wife,
who died June the 17th, 17[95?];
Aged 31 Years.
ALSO OF
HANNAH his Second Wife,
Who died August the 14th, 1836;
Aged 68 Years.”

Francis Stainthorp, the only son of Robert Stainthorp (1744-1820) and Margaret née Wilchinson (d. 1771), was baptised at Rudby parish church on 10th March 1765. Francis became a linen weaver – hand-loom weaving at home was the traditional occupation in Hutton, an important centre of the Cleveland linen industry, processing Baltic flax imported into the Tees ports. The village was also notorious for its connections to smuggling:

“Hutton Rudby, Enterpen,
Far more rogues than honest men…”

— traditional rhyme.

Title page of the poll book for Yorkshire, 1807

Title page of the poll book for Yorkshire, 1807. Scan of a work in the public domain

After the death of his first wife Jane née Kendale, Francis married Hannah Waring on 14th April 1798 in Rudby. They had several children including two sons who survived into adulthood: my four-greats grandfather Francis (1803-1882), and John (1810-1858). Both also became hand-loom weavers of linen.

In 1807, the 42-year-old Francis Stainthorp’s name and occupation were recorded in the county poll book for that year’s election to the House of Commons of the two county MPs for Yorkshire – the so-called “Knights of the Shire”. Francis had the vote, pre-Great Reform Act, becaue he was a freeholder resident in the liberty of Langbaurgh (the wapentake which included Hutton Rudby). This was no secret ballot: how each man voted was recorded and published. Francis’s candidate—the incumbent, anti-slavery MP William Wilberforce—retained his seat.

As his gravestone inscription records, Francis Stainthorp sr died on 19th July 1822 at the age of 57; he was buried two days later in the churchyard at Rudby All Saints, where his bones presumably still lie.

In his will, written on 21st January 1822, and proved at the Exchequer Court of York later the same year, Francis left a considerable amount of property to his wife, five surviving daughters (Hannah, Mary, Ann, Margaret and Jane) and two sons. The will mentions several houses in Hutton Rudby already occupied by tenant weavers, two acres of land, an orchard, “farming stock, Implements of Husbandry, and stock in Trade… Household goods, furniture, plate, linen and china“, and sums of money to be given to each of his children. A copy of the will is held on microfilm at the Borthwick Institute for Archives in York.

I give to my said Wife for her own use
absolutely the Cow now in my possession…

— excerpt from Francis Stainthorp’s will.

After his death, some of Francis sr’s property in Hutton—consisting of two houses with a garden, orchard, shop and stable—was bought by David Hebbron, a butcher. Francis’s elder son, Francis jr, lived to 78 and was one of the last hand-loom weavers in Hutton Rudby. Francis jr and his wife Ann Seamer (1800-1883) had three sons of their own in the 1830s, though all but the youngest died in childhood.

Section of Francis Stainthorp's will, held in the Borthwick Institute in York

Section of Francis Stainthorp’s will, held in the Borthwick Institute in York

Francis jr’s son Charles Stainthorp (1835-1905) and grandson William (1862-1924) became butchers, after the industrial revolution brought cheap imported linen to Britain and put paid to cottage hand-loom weaving in north-east Yorkshire. Ironically one of the last uses of Hutton Rudby home-spun linen was to make blue apron material for butchers like Charles and his descendants.

After a series of family and financial tragedies in the 1870s and ’80s, Charles and William Stainthorp both left the North Riding and moved their families to what would later become the metropolitan area of Tyne and Wear. William’s youngest child: my great-grandfather Henry Harland (Harry) Stainthorp, was born in Sunderland in 1904. He carried on the Stainthorp family butchering business on Tyneside, succeeded by his own eldest son: my grandfather, who ran a butcher’s shop in Whitley Bay until he retired in 1986.

There were no (living) Stainthorps left in Hutton Rudby by the end of the nineteenth century.

I’m grateful to the following people, some of whom do not even know me, but without whose help I would not have been able to write this post :– my late grandad Bill Stainthorp and my grandma Marjorie, Joan Stainthorp, Gill S., Carole A., John and Marianne S., Margaret Brabin, Alice Barrigan (North Yorkshire History), J. E. Stainthorp, the staff of the Lincolnshire public library service, the Borthwick Institute for Archives at the University of York, and several people on the RootsChat family history forum. Thank you.

Paul Harland Stainthorp (paul@paulstainthorp.com). Version 1.0, updated 20th May 2014.

Imminent domain 2

Posted on April 10th, 2014 by Paul Stainthorp

An updated list of the web domains and subdomains for which the Library is responsible.

Most are http and https or redirect gracefully from one to the other. Number 4. Horizon Information Portal, is http only.

  1. library.lincoln.ac.uk — our main website. Uses WordPress on blogs.lincoln.ac.uk
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/contact
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/journal-of-chinese-medicine
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/maps
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/maths-stats
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/news
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/opening-times
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/refworks
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/resources
    • library.lincoln.ac.uk/schools
    • etc.
  2. www.library.lincoln.ac.uk — redirects to 1. Except:

  3. mash.library.lincoln.ac.uk — redirects to 1. (/maths-stats)
  4. catalogue.library.lincoln.ac.uk — SirsiDynix Horizon Information Portal (HiP) OPAC

  5. catalog.library.lincoln.ac.uk — redirects to 4.
  6. guides.library.lincoln.ac.uk — Springshare LibGuides CMS
    • guides.library.lincoln.ac.uk/databases
    • guides.library.lincoln.ac.uk/learningdevelopment
    • etc.
  7. lists.library.lincoln.ac.uk — Talis Aspire Reading Lists N.B. not lists.lincoln.ac.uk!
  8. digitisation.library.lincoln.ac.uk — Talis Aspire Digitised Content
  9. proxy.library.lincoln.ac.uk — OCLC EZproxy authentication software
  10. blogs.library.lincoln.ac.uk — historical, redirects to blogs.lincoln.ac.uk
  11. *collections.library.lincoln.ac.uk — not yet configured, intended for Axiell CalmView
  12. *findit.library.lincoln.ac.uk — not currently used, held for EBSCO Discovery Service
  13. *jerome.library.lincoln.ac.uk — historical, defunct

Subdomains under *.lincoln.ac.uk but not under *.library.lincoln.ac.uk for which the Library is wholly or mainly responsible. Many of these relate to the ongoing project to establish a Research Information Service across the Library and other departments:

  1. mash.lincoln.ac.uk — redirects to 1. (/maths-stats)
  2. eprints.lincoln.ac.uk — the Lincoln Repository (EPrints)
  3. ill.lincoln.ac.uk — inter-library loans software (Clio)
  4. idp.lincoln.ac.uk — Eduserv OpenAthens LA authentication software
  5. orbital.lincoln.ac.uk — BETA Researcher Dashboard (Orbital Bridge)
  6. ckan.lincoln.ac.uk — BETA CKAN research data software
  7. *data.lincoln.ac.ukBETA not currently used

External, non-lincoln.ac.uk domains which are very important to the Library:

  1. search.ebscohost.com — EBSCO Discovery Service
  2. atoz.ebsco.com — EBSCO Electronic Journals A-to-Z
  3. linksource.ebsco.com — EBSCO LinkSource OpenURL link resolver
  4. ethos.bl.uk — the British Library’s e-theses service
  5. twitter.com/GCWLibrary — our Twitter presence @GCWLibrary

Family history brick wall: who was Luke O’Grady?

Posted on March 3rd, 2014 by Paul Stainthorp

One of my great-grandfathers was Frank Corr a.k.a. Frank O’Grady (1888-1962) of Birmingham and Sheffield. I’m trying to discover the origins and fate of his biological father Luke O’Grady, my great-great-grandfather. What follows is an outline of the life of Frank O’Grady Corr, notes on the possible identity of Luke O’Grady, and my ideas for further research.

Paul Harland Stainthorp (paul@paulstainthorp.com). Version 1.5.2, updated 27th March 2014.

  1. The life of Frank O’Grady Corr
  2. Who was Luke O’Grady?
  3. Where next? Ideas for further research
  4. Note on links to sources

The life of Frank O’Grady Corr

Back yard, Court 15, Inge Street, Birmingham

Back yard, Court 15, Inge Street, Birmingham
A rare preserved example of the thousands of back-to-back courts that used to provide housing for workers and their families in the years of the 19th and 20th centuries.
© Copyright Brian Robert Marshall and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

Frank was born on 22nd January 1888, at the back of 135 Brearley Street in the Lozells area of Birmingham.

His mother was Emily née Farley, born in 1854, the widow of Edward Corr, a turner & fitter from Wolverhampton. Emily and Edward were married on 14th July 1872 and had seven children together: John Felix (1873-1956), Florence (1876-77), Beatrice (1876-77), Alfred Edward (1877-1900), Emmett (1880-81), Edward (1883-1933), and Harold (1885-1952). In 1881 the family lived on Burbury Street, Lozells.

Edward Corr died in 1887, more than ten months before Emily gave birth to my great-grandfather.

The informant on Frank’s birth certificate was his father Luke O’Grady. Luke gave his occupation as glass embosser (journeyman)—a skilled trade connected to the glassmaking industry common in the English Black Country since the 17th century—and his address as 135 Brearley Street where Frank was born. Frank’s mother is named as Emily O’Grady (sic) formerly Farley.

This use of the surname O’Grady for or by Emily must have been a common-law arrangement, or else a polite fiction on behalf of Luke O’Grady for the registrar’s benefit: there is no record of a marriage between Emily and anyone named O’Grady, and Emily never used the name again.

It seems that Emily could not read or write; perhaps that’s why she didn’t register the birth herself.

In the 1891 census, Emily and Luke’s three-year-old son Frank O’Grady was with his maternal grandmother Emma Farley in Barr Street, Birmingham; Emily Corr was a few streets away at 6 Tower Street working as a machinist, with John, Alfred and Edward, three of her four surviving sons by Edward Corr. (The fourth son, Harold, was also being cared for by relatives locally.) Frank’s father Luke O’Grady is nowhere to be found.

After this point my great-grandfather Frank used Corr exclusively as his adult surname.

Blaco Road, Attercliffe, Sheffield

Blaco Road, Attercliffe, Sheffield
Blaco Road looking towards the gates of Carbrook Park, showing No. 5. 25th April 1966. Photographer: H. Ainscough.
Found on the Picture Sheffield website
© Copyright David Ainscough – used with permission

By 1901, Frank Corr had left Birmingham and moved to Sheffield with his mother and half-brother Harold, and was working as a labourer in the steel industry at the age of just 13. Emily, Harold and Frank lived at 46 Blaco Road, Attercliffe-cum-Darnall, along with ‘boarder’ Charles Tillbrook and two of Charles’s children. Emily Corr née Farley married her ‘boarder’ later the same year and became Emily Tillbrook.

(In 1911, Frank’s mother Emily and her second husband Charles Tillbrook were living at 83 Clifton Street, Sheffield, with Charles’s daughter Elizabeth and Emily’s son Harold Corr – albeit recorded on the census under his stepfather’s surname as “Harold Tillbrook”. Emily died in 1919; Charles Tillbrook in 1930. Of Frank’s three surviving half-brothers, John Felix Corr stayed in Birmingham and became a brassworker. Edward Corr joined the Army and was stationed at Whittington Barracks near Lichfield in Staffs: he served with the 3rd South Staffordshire Regiment in WWI. Harold Corr settled in Sheffield and worked as a gas stoker in the steel industry.)

Frank stayed in Sheffield for the rest of his life, marrying Lily Bowden on 16th February 1907 at Sheffield Registry Office. To the registrar he gave his father’s name as Luke O’Grady, occupation glass embosser. Frank’s marriage certificate included both names for the record (“Frank O’Grady otherwise Frank Corr“) – this is the last recorded use of the name O’Grady. By 1911, Lily and Frank Corr—occupation steel dresser—were living in Carbrook, Sheffield, with their first two daughters of an eventual eleven children.

Frank Corr died on 19th January 1962 and was buried with his wife Lily in Tinsley Park cemetery in Sheffield. He didn’t leave a will.

Frank and Lily’s seventh child was my maternal grandfather Harold Corr (1921-1999). Harold served in WWII, Korea, Hong Kong and Germany before leaving the Army and settling in Lincolnshire in the 1960s. Harold Corr and my grandmother Ruby née Howson had six children and fifteen grandchildren including the author of this document.

Who was Luke O’Grady?

“Wolverhampton Luke”

The most likely candidate for Frank’s father is Luke Grady of Wolverhampton, born 1867, the son of Irish-born cordwainer (i.e. master shoe & bootmaker) William Grady, of Armagh, and Wolverhampton native Jane née Spooner, who married at St George’s church in Wolverhampton on 23rd April 1859. Luke Grady had four sisters: Ellen or Helen (born 1860), Martha (1864), Agnes (1871) and Winifred (1876), plus one older brother Mark (1862). They lived at 80 Temple Street, Wolverhampton.

The patronymic “O’” in Irish surnames was often dropped in the 19th century, at least in England, so “Grady” and “O’Grady” would have been almost interchangeable. The Wolverhampton family appear as plain “Grady” in almost all registration/census records and in an 1880 newspaper report concerning a court case, although Luke’s father was recorded as “William O. Grady” on one census.

Jane Grady died in 1878 and William in 1884, so Luke was pretty much alone in the world by the time of Frank O’Grady’s birth in 1888.

There isn’t a single record of “Wolverhampton Luke” Grady in England after 1881: no marriage or death records; nothing to connect him with the Black Country glass industry or to to place him in Birmingham in 1888; nothing—other than proximity and suspicious timing—to suggest that he is Frank’s father. I’ve also been unable to trace the fate of all of Luke’s siblings – what happened to them all after they lost their father in 1884?

(Luke’s brother Mark [O']Grady seems to have become a general clerk for the Great Western Railway in London & Cardiff. He died in 1889 in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales. His youngest sister Winifred married Austin Horsley in 1897 and had one daughter; she died in Sussex in 1930. Agnes is recorded working as a domestic servant in London in 1891, but then disappears. Of Ellen and Martha, nothing.)

“Holbeach Luke”

There was one other Luke Grady alive in England at the time of Frank’s birth (Luke Grady b. 1848 in Holbeach, Lincolnshire – d. 1891 in Cockermouth, Cumberland) but “Holbeach Luke” raised a family in northern England and doesn’t seem to have had any connection to Birmingham or to glassmaking.

Germanic Luke”

The Germanic, before 1895

The Germanic, before 1895
White Star Line steamship, built 1874 at Belfast by Harland and Wolff, as she appeared before her funnels were lengthened and an extra deck added in 1895.
Courtesy of the Norway Heritage Collection – www.norwayheritage.com
Source: www.heritage-ships.com

On 10th August 1888, eight months after Frank was born, the ship the Germanic docked at New York, late of Liverpool and Queenstown (Cobh). On board was Luke O’Grady, a labourer, aged 35, nationality English. The age and the occupation are wrong, but the timing is suspicious! On 20th July 1894 at the Common Pleas Court in New York, Luke became a naturalized American. His address at the time was 419 East 22nd Street, New York City and his sponsor was Timothy Maloney.

I have been unable to trace “Germanic Luke” O’Grady in England before 1888 or in the USA after naturalization in 1894. He does not appear in any of the US censuses as far as I can tell.

So: was Luke Grady of Wolverhampton the father of Frank O’Grady Corr? Did Frank’s father emigrate immediately after the birth in 1888? Or were these Luke [O']Gradys two or three different people (in which case: what happened to them all, and to “Wolverhampton Luke”‘s siblings?).

Finally, there is the possibility that Luke O’Grady was simply a pseudonym used by whomever registered the birth, and that Frank’s real father’s name was something else entirely.

Where next? Ideas for further research

These are my ideas for further research to prove the identity, origin and fate of my 2-greats-grandfather:

  1. Track down more records from Frank’s own life – there is at least one other descendant of Frank Corr who is researching the family history.
  2. Buy birth, marriage and death records as needed for Emily Farley, Edward Corr, Emma Farley, Charles Tillbrook and all of Frank’s half-siblings (est. cost: £150+).
  3. Buy copies of “Wolverhampton Luke” Grady’s birth certificate and his parents’ marriage & death certificates (est. cost: £37).
  4. Try and determine the fate of “Wolverhampton Luke” Grady’s brother and four sisters.
  5. Search the UK censuses for glass embossers in 1891, in the possibility that Luke O’Grady changed his name but continued in the same occupation.
  6. Find out who lived at 2 Back 135 Brearley Street, Lozells, Birmingham, immediately before and after Frank’s birth in 1888.
  7. Determine the whereabouts of “Holbeach Luke” Grady in 1888, if only to rule him out.
  8. Trace any living descendants of Emily Farley’s children Frank Corr, John Felix Corr, Alfred Edward Corr, Edward Corr jr and Harold Corr, and those of William Grady of Wolverhampton.
  9. Look for records of Luke [O']Grady in Ireland and Scotland both before and after 1888.
  10. Investigate Y-chromosomal DNA testing between a living male-line descendant of Frank Corr (there are four in my immediate family) vs. a proven patrilineal descendant of William Grady if one can be found.
  11. Contact local family history societies in the Black Country/Birmingham area (e.g. the Birmingham and Midland Society for Genealogy); also surname special interest groups for Grady/O’Grady.
  12. Visit the Birmingham Archives and the Black Country Museum, specifically to look for documents from the Black Country glassmaking industry – are there apprenticeship records for Luke O’Grady or is he otherwise mentioned?
  13. Visit New York to try and find out what happened to “Germanic Luke” [O']Grady who became an American citizen in 1894.
  14. Look for evidence of emigration other than to New York in 1888: not necessarily to the USA.

Note on links to sources

Hyperlinks in the text of this document point to source documents and catalogues/indexes which contain or illustrate the information referenced. Where possible I have linked to free & open sources (FreeBMD; BMDshare; catalogue/archival records). In other cases where the source is not freely available, I have linked to a record within Ancestry Library Edition: these links will display an error message unless you first establish a session on Ancestry within a subscribing library building (e.g. in Lincolnshire).

Oxford University Press titles updated

Posted on February 11th, 2014 by Paul Stainthorp

The University of Lincoln has a current subscription to the following 21 individual e-journal titles from Oxford University Press:

  1. Behavioral Ecology
  2. Brain : a journal of neurology
  3. British Journal of Criminology
  4. British Journal of Social Work
  5. Community Development Journal
  6. Contemporary Women’s Writing
  7. ELT journal
  8. English Historical Review
  9. History Workshop Journal
  10. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment : ISLE
  11. Journal of Design History
  12. Journal of Public Health
  13. Journal of the History of Collections
  14. Oxford Art Journal
  15. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies
  16. Parliamentary Affairs
  17. Past & Present
  18. Review of English Studies
  19. Screen : the journal of the Society for Education in Film and Television
  20. Twentieth Century British History
  21. Yearbook of European Law

Access is available from 1996 onwards (except where the journal was established more recently). These are single-site access titles – see below for off-campus access. We also have access to the back-issues of a small number of OUP titles which are not current subscriptions.

Oxford Journals Archive logo

In addition, Lincoln has multi-site access to the Oxford Journals Archive via a JISC deal, which provides access to all back-issues from 1849-1995 for another 200+ Oxford University Press journals.

All of these OUP titles are available via the e-journals A-to-Z, and content from all titles can be searched using Find it at Lincoln. Off campus access is via the normal University of Lincoln sign-in process.
Screenshot of the single sign-in system

Alternatively, if you find an article via a Google search, sign in by clicking on the “Login via Your Institution” option.
Screenshot from Oxford Journals

Then select “UK Access Management Federation” > “University of Lincoln”. N.B. you will only get access to the full text of an article if the University of Lincoln subscribes to that journal – see above.
Screenshot from Oxford Journals

For more information, please contact the Library.

 

 

RefWorks output style changes

Posted on November 29th, 2013 by Paul Stainthorp

RefWorks at the University of Lincoln has a new output style for Harvard referencing. RefWorks output styles determine the format of in-text citations and reference lists/bibliographies when you use RefWorks and Write-N-Cite.

The new output style “University of Lincoln (Harvard): 2013” is designed to match—as closely as possible within the constraints of automatic referencing software—the University of Lincoln Referencing Handbook for Harvard (www.library.lincoln.ac.uk/referencing). It replaces the old “Harvard (University of Lincoln)” RefWorks output style.

To choose the new style in RefWorks:

  1. Go to “Bibliography” > “Create Bibliography“;
    Screenshot from RefWorks
  2. In the “Create a bibliography from a list of references” window, open the “Select an Output Style” drop-down menu. The new output style, called “University of Lincoln (Harvard): 2013” is at the bottom of the list, in the “University of Lincoln Specific” section.
    Screenshot from RefWorks

You can access RefWorks via the Library website (www.library.lincoln.ac.uk/refworks). Write-N-Cite (version III) software is available on both the standard University computer desktop, and on the Cloud Desktop. You can also install it on your own computer (versions III or 4).

If you have any comments about the new RefWorks output style, please leave feedback via the Library website.

Repository colleges and schools updated

Posted on November 28th, 2013 by Paul Stainthorp

I’ve updated the Lincoln Repository so that its divisions (college and school structure) are up to date with the University structure.

This includes:

  • Removing the old faculties which used to sit between colleges and schools, and which no longer exist.
  • Adding a node for the new School of Chemistry.
  • Tweaking the names of some of the schools so they match the University website.
Old divisions:

Screenshot of EPrints divisions

New divisions:

Screenshot of EPrints divisions

Still to be done: the 67 or so EPrints records belonging to the School of Health & Social Care in Hull (which used to have its own distinct identity from the department in Lincoln) need moving into the main division for Health & Social Care. There’s a script to do that.

New e-journals and databases (miscellaneous)

Posted on November 13th, 2013 by Paul Stainthorp

Here are a few new e-journals and other odds and ends that have been added to our e-journals collection in the last few days.